Sunday, September 10, 2017

When Payment Of Taxes Through Credit/Debit/Prepaid Card Is Deemed Made?

Revenue Regulations (RR) No. 2-2017 was issued by the bureau amending RR No. 3-2016 Section 4(a) and (b) to read as follows:

"SECTION 4. When Payment is Deemed Made. - The payment of taxes through credit/debit/prepaid card shall be deemed made on the date and time appearing in the system-generated payment confirmation receipt issued to the taxpayer-cardholder by the AAB-Acquirer.

However, in case of late remittance or non-remittance of taxes to the BIR, despite the timely issuance of a valid confirmation receipt by the AAB-Acquirer to the taxpayer-cardholder, the liability to pay the tax rests upon the AAB-Acquirer considering that from the time of issuance of a valid confirmation receipt to the taxpayer-cardholder, the AAB-Acquirer becomes the trustee of the government with obligation to remit the payment on time to the BIR.

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Revised BIR Form No. 2305 (Certificate of Update of Exemption, and of Employer and Employee's Information

Revenue Memorandum Circular (RMC) No. 42-2017 has issued by the bureau recently circularizing the Revised BIR Form No. 2305 (Certificate of Update of Exemption, and of Employer and Employee's Information) April 2017 ENCS to reflect the provision of Revenue Regulations (RR) No. 5-2017 implementing Republic Act No. 10754, entitled "An Act Expanding the Benefits and Privileges of Person with Disability (PWD)" relative to the tax privileges of person with disability.

The revised BIR Form No. 2305 will be used by individuals to update their civil status, additional exemption which now includes PWD as an additional exemption/dependent of a benefactor, if applicable, and employer's information.

Click to download revised BIR Form No. 2305.

Please refer: of the full text of RMC No. 42-2017. 

Friday, June 16, 2017

New Versions Of The Update Of Exemption Of Employee (UEE) Data Entry Module In Filing Of The BIR Form No. 2305 (Certificate of Update Of Exemption And Of Employers And Employee's Information) And 2305 Batch File Validation Module

The bureau has issued Revenue Memorandum Circular (RMC) No. 43-2017 recently with regard to the availability of the updated versions of the UEE Data Entry Module and Batch File Validation Module in the filing of BIR Form no. 2305 in relation to RMC No. 59-2015.

Updates in the new versions include the acceptance of Persons with Disability (PWD) pursuant to Republic Act (RA) No. 10754. The following work around procedures shall be followed to allow the data entry of a qualified PWD dependent as an additional exemption:

1. In the Part III - Additional Exemptions of BIR Form No. 2305, encode the name and birthdate of the qualified PWD dependent;
2. Tick the "Mark if PWD/Mentally/Physically Incapacitated" box; and
3. Click the save button after encoding all the required information.

To download click the following:

1. Update of Exemption of Employees Data Entry Module:

2. 2305 Batch File Validation Module (ZIP):

3. Job Aid - Batch Entry Module:

4. Job Aid - Batch Data Entry Module:

Please refer: of the full text of RMC No. 43-2017. 

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Do You Consider Tax Planning As Part Of The SparkUp or Growth For The Next Generation Of Business People?

Financial, Marketing, Sales and Human Resources Planning are one of the important factors to consider for the growth of business entity. However, I also consider Tax Planning as part of the growth for the Next Generation of Start-Up and Business People.

For three decades of award-winning economic reportage, BusinessWorld, the country's leading business newspaper, introduces its newest successor in the age of disruptive innovation: SparkUp.

Right: Lucien C. Dy Tioco, Executive Vice-President of Philippine Star Media Group
The digital-first multimedia platform SparkUp is a space for the community of young, passionate, and wildly aspiring go-getters. It assets include the website, social media pages including Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter @SparkUpPH, and a quarterly published magazine.

Readers will expect original content for the next generation of business people. A daily content hashtag categorizes the stories:

#MoneyMonday - Tips on money management with the latest news on saving, investing, and spending;

#TrendingTuesday - Insights on the latest trends and their impact on entrepreneurs and consumers;

#WorkingWednesday - Workplace stories and tips for the Gen Y and Gen Z's work ethics and career outlooks;

#TakeoverThursday - An insider tour of a day in the life of the members of the Sparkommunity;

#FreshFriday - Stories on the lighter side of business.

Besides, SparkUp will also deliver insights from industry icons called Sparkfluencers who are young and trending business influencers who made it to the top. SparkUp also introduces Sparktionary to boost awareness of business terms. This built-in dictionary provides digestive definitions through interactive executions readily available for every reader.

Signing up to SparkUp via will give users additional capacities, such as contributing their own content, highlighting passages of interest, taking down notes, bookmarking stories, and participating in a gamified platform.

SparkUp will also regularly hold a series of events aimed at empowering the Sparkommunity. Among these events are entrepreneurial summits, pocket forums, campus activations, start-up competitions, and case-study activities. These will enable members of the Sparkommunity to learn, meet up, network and find potential partners.

To know more about SparkUp, visit and follow @SparkUpPH. 

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Types of Withholding Taxes, Duties & Obligations of a Withholding Agent and Time of Withholding

In my previous blogs, I mentioned about the importance of withholding tax system, persons exempt from withholding tax and persons required to deduct and withhold. This day, the  topics are Types of Withholding Taxes, Time of Withholding and Duties & Obligations of a Withholding Agent.

Types of Withholding Taxes

1. Withholding Tax on Gross Compensation
2. Expanded or Creditable Withholding Tax Service Income. Service Income and Purchases of goods)
3. Final Withholding Tax (Passive Investment Income) - Interest, Dividends, Royalties, Prizes, Winnings and Capital Gain
4. Withholding Tax on Government Money Payment (Income Tax, VAT and Percentage Tax)
5. Quarterly Withholding Tax (Individual Engage in Business or Profession and Corporation)

Duties & Obligations of a Withholding Agent

1. To register
2. To deduct and withhold
3. To remit the tax withheld 
4. To file withholding tax returns
5. To issue withholding tax certificate

Time of Withholding

Ordinarily, the obligation of the payor to deduct and withhold arises:

1. At the an income payment is paid or payable
2. Income payment is accrued or recorded as an expense or asset, whichever is applicable in the payor's books, whichever is come first.

The topic was discussed by Dr. Ruperto P. Somera, Ph. D. DBA, DBE, CPA, a resource speaker of Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) of a Seminar on Issues, Problems and Solutions in Tax Audit and Investigation; Comprehensive Discussion of Withholding Tax last May 25, 2017.

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Persons Required To Deduct & Withhold Tax

Not all persons are exempt from withholding tax. There're also persons required by law to deduct and withhold tax.

The persons required to deduct & withhold tax are as follows:

a. In general, any juridical person, whether or not engaged in trade or business;

b. An individual, with respect to payments made in connection with his trade or business.

c. All government offices including government owned or controlled corporation, as well as provincial, city, municipal governments and barangays.

If you have read the National Internal Revenue Code (NIRC), regulations and circulars, it is stated that there're requirements for deductibility of income payments to income tax. 

The topic was discussed by Dr. Ruperto P. Somera, Ph. D. DBA, DBE, CPA, a resource speaker of Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) of a Seminar on Issues, Problems and Solutions in Tax Audit and Investigation; Comprehensive Discussion of Withholding Tax last May 25, 2017.

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Persons Exempt From Withholding Tax: Seminar On Comprehensive Discussion Of Withholding Tax At PICPA

Does you company exempt from withholding tax? In general, taxpayers demand to be exempted from withholding tax but the government determines the persons (juridical or non-juridical) exempt from withholding related to business activities.

Persons Exempt From Withholding Tax As Follows:

1. National government and its instrumentalities, including provincial, city or municipal governments and barangays, except government-owned controlled operations. 

2. Persons enjoying exemption from payment of income taxes pursuant to the provisions of any law, general or special. Such as but not limited to the following:

a) Sales of real property by a corporation which is registered with and certified by HLURB or HUDCC as engaged in socialized housing project where the selling price of the house and lot or only the lot does not exceed P180,000.00 in Metro Manila and other highly urbanized areas  and P150,000.00 in other areas.

b) Corporations registered with the BOI, PEZA, and SBMA, enjoying exemption from income tax under E. O. 226, R. A. 7916, and R. A. 7227;

c) Corporations, which are exempt from income tax under Section 30 of the Tax Code, such as Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), and Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PHIC);

d) General professional partnerships; and

e) Joint ventures or consortium formed for the purpose of undertaking construction projects or engaging in petroleum, coal, geothermal and other energy operations pursuant to an operating or consortium agreement under a service contract with the government.

The lawmakers and policy makers may issue regulations and circulars to update the requirements for the exemption of withholding tax.

The topic was discussed by Dr. Ruperto P. Somera, Ph. D. DBA, DBE, CPA, a resource speaker of Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) of a Seminar on Issues, Problems and Solutions in Tax Audit and Investigation; Comprehensive Discussion of Withholding Tax last May 25, 2017.

Monday, May 29, 2017

Importance Of Withholding Tax System: Seminar On Comprehensive Discussion Of Withholding Tax At PICPA

Is it necessary to know the Importance of Withholding Tax System in the business community? 

Withholding tax is a method of collecting income tax in advance from taxable income of the recipient of income. Therefore, if the income of the recipient is exempt from income tax, no withholding tax is required to be made by the payor of such income, which is constituted as a withholding agent.

The Importance of Withholding Tax System is an effective tool in the collection of taxes for the following reasons considered:

1. It encourages voluntary compliance;
2. It reduced cost of collection effort;
3. It prevents delinquencies and revenue loss; and
4. It prevents dry spells in the fiscal condition of the government by providing revenues throughout the taxable year.

The topic was discussed by Dr. Ruperto P. Somera, Ph. D. DBA, DBE, CPA, a resource speaker of Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) of a Seminar on Issues, Problems and Solutions in Tax Audit and Investigation; Comprehensive Discussion of Withholding Tax last May 25, 2017.

Sunday, May 28, 2017

SEC General Information Sheet (GIS) 2017

I was requested to prepare a General Information Sheet (GIS) recently for a Domestic Stock Corporation located here in Metro Manila. For me, the requirements in preparation of the GIS includes Articles of Incorporation of the Company, Updated Certificate of Shares of Stock, List of Shareholders (Including Tax Identifcation No. (TIN), Address, No. of Shares and Classification of Shares), List of Officers and Employees and updated GIS Form.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

On-the-Job Training (OJT) in the National and Regional Offices in the BIR

Revenue Memorandum Order (RMO) No. 11-2017 has issued by the bureau recently to prescribe the policies, guidelines and procedures in accepting students for On-the-Job Training (OJT) in the Bureau of Internal Revenue to be adopted by the Personnel Division (PD) including all other units/offices in the National Office and the Administrative & Human Resource Management Divisions (AHRMDs) in the Revenue Regions (RRS) including its Revenue District Offices (RDOs).


1. The Student-Applicants for OJT shall submit the following documents to the Personnel Division if in the National Office/the Administrative and Human Resource Management Division (AHRMD) if in the RR or its Revenue District Offices (RDOs) not co-located in the RR: 

a. Two (2) copies of Resume together with recent two 2x2 ID pictures. 

b. Two (2) photocopies of Official Registration Form/Enrollment Form of the Student concerned. 

c. Original Indorsement Letter signed by the College Dean/School Official or Practicum Coordinator requiring them to undergo OJT for a prescribed number of hours as part of their academic requirements. 

d. Job Proficiency Rating Sheet.

2. In order to maintain modesty and proper decorum in the office and for security purposes, the Student-Trainees must register and sign in the Student-Trainees’ OJT Logbook found in the entrance lobby counter of the BIR building. The wearing of StudentTrainees’ prescribed school uniform and ID must be strictly observed when entering and while inside the BIR premises. 

3. For those colleges/universities without prescribed school uniforms, the StudentTraineesshall wear black pants paired with white collared polo (for male) and black pants or black skirt with white collared blouse (for female) from Monday to Friday. This policy must be strictly followed. 

4. They shall render eight (8) hours of duty/service per day when reporting for OJT. If duty/service is for a half-day only, they shall render at least four (4) hours of duty/service per day, either from 8am to12pm or from 1pm to 5pm. 

5. The Student-Trainees in the National and RRs including its RDOs shall personally punch in their respective Bundy Cards and shall register in a separate Logbook/Attendance Sheet where they are assigned every time they report for duty. 

6. At the end of each month, the Bundy Card shall be signed by the Student-Trainees and their Immediate Supervisor for submission to the college/university upon completion of OJT. 

7. The photocopy of Student-Trainees’ Bundy Card shall be certified by the Head of Office as proof of their attendance before filing with other office records. 

8. The Student-Trainees shall not be allowed to transfer from one office to another once they have officially reported for duty at their office assignment. Otherwise, they will be denied continuation of OJT including the disapproval of the number of duty hours/service rendered in the Bureau. 

9. Any unethical behavior committed by revenue officials/employees against the Student-Trainees must be reported to the Head of Office where they are assigned. 4 10. The Certificate of Completion (Annex C) shall be issued to the Student-Trainees by the Office where they are assigned after they have completed the required number of duty hours/service.