Monday, May 29, 2017

Importance Of Withholding Tax System: Seminar On Comprehensive Discussion Of Withholding Tax At PICPA

Is it necessary to know the Importance of Withholding Tax System in the business community? 

Withholding tax is a method of collecting income tax in advance from taxable income of the recipient of income. Therefore, if the income of the recipient is exempt from income tax, no withholding tax is required to be made by the payor of such income, which is constituted as a withholding agent.

The Importance of Withholding Tax System is an effective tool in the collection of taxes for the following reasons considered:

1. It encourages voluntary compliance;
2. It reduced cost of collection effort;
3. It prevents delinquencies and revenue loss; and
4. It prevents dry spells in the fiscal condition of the government by providing revenues throughout the taxable year.

The topic was discussed by Dr. Ruperto P. Somera, Ph. D. DBA, DBE, CPA, a resource speaker of Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) of a Seminar on Issues, Problems and Solutions in Tax Audit and Investigation; Comprehensive Discussion of Withholding Tax last May 25, 2017.

Sunday, May 28, 2017

SEC General Information Sheet (GIS) 2017

I was requested to prepare a General Information Sheet (GIS) recently for a Domestic Stock Corporation located here in Metro Manila. For me, the requirements in preparation of the GIS includes Articles of Incorporation of the Company, Updated Certificate of Shares of Stock, List of Shareholders (Including Tax Identifcation No. (TIN), Address, No. of Shares and Classification of Shares), List of Officers and Employees and updated GIS Form.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

On-the-Job Training (OJT) in the National and Regional Offices in the BIR

Revenue Memorandum Order (RMO) No. 11-2017 has issued by the bureau recently to prescribe the policies, guidelines and procedures in accepting students for On-the-Job Training (OJT) in the Bureau of Internal Revenue to be adopted by the Personnel Division (PD) including all other units/offices in the National Office and the Administrative & Human Resource Management Divisions (AHRMDs) in the Revenue Regions (RRS) including its Revenue District Offices (RDOs).


1. The Student-Applicants for OJT shall submit the following documents to the Personnel Division if in the National Office/the Administrative and Human Resource Management Division (AHRMD) if in the RR or its Revenue District Offices (RDOs) not co-located in the RR: 

a. Two (2) copies of Resume together with recent two 2x2 ID pictures. 

b. Two (2) photocopies of Official Registration Form/Enrollment Form of the Student concerned. 

c. Original Indorsement Letter signed by the College Dean/School Official or Practicum Coordinator requiring them to undergo OJT for a prescribed number of hours as part of their academic requirements. 

d. Job Proficiency Rating Sheet.

2. In order to maintain modesty and proper decorum in the office and for security purposes, the Student-Trainees must register and sign in the Student-Trainees’ OJT Logbook found in the entrance lobby counter of the BIR building. The wearing of StudentTrainees’ prescribed school uniform and ID must be strictly observed when entering and while inside the BIR premises. 

3. For those colleges/universities without prescribed school uniforms, the StudentTraineesshall wear black pants paired with white collared polo (for male) and black pants or black skirt with white collared blouse (for female) from Monday to Friday. This policy must be strictly followed. 

4. They shall render eight (8) hours of duty/service per day when reporting for OJT. If duty/service is for a half-day only, they shall render at least four (4) hours of duty/service per day, either from 8am to12pm or from 1pm to 5pm. 

5. The Student-Trainees in the National and RRs including its RDOs shall personally punch in their respective Bundy Cards and shall register in a separate Logbook/Attendance Sheet where they are assigned every time they report for duty. 

6. At the end of each month, the Bundy Card shall be signed by the Student-Trainees and their Immediate Supervisor for submission to the college/university upon completion of OJT. 

7. The photocopy of Student-Trainees’ Bundy Card shall be certified by the Head of Office as proof of their attendance before filing with other office records. 

8. The Student-Trainees shall not be allowed to transfer from one office to another once they have officially reported for duty at their office assignment. Otherwise, they will be denied continuation of OJT including the disapproval of the number of duty hours/service rendered in the Bureau. 

9. Any unethical behavior committed by revenue officials/employees against the Student-Trainees must be reported to the Head of Office where they are assigned. 4 10. The Certificate of Completion (Annex C) shall be issued to the Student-Trainees by the Office where they are assigned after they have completed the required number of duty hours/service. 

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Guidelines and Procedure to Streamline the Process and Issuance of Certificate of Tax Exemption (CTE) and Electronic Certificate Authorizing Registration (eCAR) for Transfers of Raw Lands to Community/Homeowners Associations for Socialized Housing Projects

To improve the level of taxpayer service especially to the underprivileged and homeless sectors of the society is one of the objectives of Revenue Memorandum Order (RMO) No. 12-2017 issued by the bureau recently entitled: "Guidelines and Procedure to Streamline the Process and Issuance of Certificate Authorizing Registration (eCAR) for Transfers of Raw Lands to Community/Homeowners Associations for Socialized Housing Projects Under Article VIII, Section 32, of Republic Act (RA) No. 7279, Otherwise Known as the "Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992"."

Processing and Issuance of the CTE:

The application for the issuance of CTE shall be filed directly with the Office of the Commissioner. No application shalI be processed unless the following documentary requirements are fully complied with by the requesting party: 

a. Original Certification signed by the President of the SHFC that the subject property qualifies and is actually a CMP Project. Such Certification shall be sufficient guarantee of the validity, authenticity and due diligence in the review of CMP Project loan application of the Homeowners Association; 

b. Certified true copy of the Deed of Sale executed by the landowner in favor of the Community/Homeowners Association; 

c. Certified true copy of the Master List of Beneficiaries; 

d. Certified true copy of the Transfer Certificate of Title /Original Certificate of Title and latest Tax Declaration of the property; and e. Extrajudicial Settlement of Estate, in case the title of the property is still in the name of a deceased landowner, and evidence of payment of appropriate taxes.

Processing and Issuance of eCAR: 

The RDO concerned shall undertake to process, approve and issue the necessary eCAR within five working (5) days from the date of submission of the CTE. The CTE shall be a sufficient basis for the Revenue District Officer concerned to issue the eCAR and no other documents shall be required from the taxpayer/landowner requesting for the eCAR. The eCAR that will be issued shall particularly state that the raw land is intended for a Community Mortgage Program pursuant to RA No. 7279, with a lien on the title of the land annotated by the Register of Deeds having jurisdiction over the properties, to the effect that the same is to be applied or is being applied to socialized housing project pursuant to RA 7279. 

Monday, May 15, 2017

An Act Expanding the Benefits and Privileges of Persons with Disability (PWD)

The bureau has issued Revenue Regulations (RR) No. 5-2017 recently about the Rules and Regulations Implementing Republic Act. No. 10754, entitled "An Act Expanding the Benefits and Privileges of Persons with Disability (PWD)" Relative to the Tax Privileges of Persons with Disability and Tax Incentives for Establishments Granting Sales Discount, and Prescribing the Guidelines for the Availment Thereof, Amending RR No. 1-2009.

These regulations prescribe the guidelines for the implementation of the tax privileges of persons with disability and their benefactor; and tax incentives for establishments granting twenty percent (20%) sales discount and exemption from Value-added Tax (VAT) under Sections 32 and 33 of R. A. 7277, as amended by R. A. No. 9442, otherwise known as the "Magna Carta for Persons with Disability" and R. A. No. 10754; and amend certain provisions of RR No. 1-2009.

Computation of the Discount and VAT Exemption Granted to Qualified Persons with Disability

VAT on sale of goods or services with sales discounts granted by business establishments enumerated under Section 3 hereof shall be computed in accordance with the following formula:

Amount of sale (with VAT)     P 1,120.00
Less: 12% VAT                            120.00
Total Amount                            1,000.00
Less: 20% Sales Discount            200.00
Total Amount Due                  P   800.00

The Two Hundred Pesos (P200.00) cost of the discount in the above illustration, shall be allowed as a deduction from gross income for the same taxable year that the discount is granted; Provided that, the total amount of the claimed tax deduction net of VAT; if applicable, shall be included in their gross sales receipts for tax purposes and shall be subject to proper documentation in accordance with the provisions of the Tax Code. This means that for the establishment to be allowed to claim the discount as a deduction, the amount of sales that must be reported for income tax purposes is the VAT - exclusive selling price of P1,000.00 and not the amount of sales net of the discount - P800.00

Computation of Discount on Non-VAT Taxpayer:

Sales/Receipts                                              P 1,120.00
Less: 20% Discount                                            224.00
Amt. Payable by PWD/Received by Seller          896.00
Multiply by tax rate                                       x         3%
Percentage Tax Due                                     P      26.88

Please refer of the Definition of Terms, Sales Discounts which may be Claimed by Qualified Persons with Disability (PWD) and the full text of RR No. 5-2017.

Saturday, April 22, 2017

Precedure for Claiming Tax Treaty Benefits for Dividend, Interest and Royalty Income of Nonresident Income Earners

In the previous month, the bureau has issued Revenue Memorandum Order (RMO) No. 8-2017 with regards to the Procedure for Claiming Tax Treaty Benefits for Dividend, Interest and Royalty Income of Nonresident Income Earners. 

Procedure for the Availment of Tax Treaty Relief

1. Nonresidents claiming tax treaty relief shall submit a duly accomplished CORTT Form (Part I and II) or the prescribed certificate of residency with Part I (A, B and C) and II of the CORTT Form to their withholding agents/income payors before income is paid or credited. 

2. The withholding agent/income payor shall file BIR Form 1601-F and BIR Form 1604-CF and shall pay the withholding taxes due in accordance with the Tax Code and existing Revenue Issuances. 

3. The withholding agent/income payor shall submit an original of the duly accomplished CORTT (Part I and II) or the prescribed certificate of residency with Part I (A, B and C) and II of the CORTT Form to ITAD and RDO No. 39 within 30 days after payment of withholding taxes due on dividend, interest and royalty income of nonresident based on applicable tax treaty. 

4. The withholding agent shall submit an updated Part II of the CORTT Form within 30 days after payment of withholding taxes due in the following cases: 

a) If the CORTT Form filed with ITAD and RDO No. 39 is used for another dividend payment within its prescribed period of validity; and 

b) In case of staggered payment of interest and royalty income

Friday, April 7, 2017

eBIRForms Package v6.3 (New Version)

The bureau has issued a new version of eBIRForms Package v6.3 to update the BIRForms Package v6.2 for taxpayers who will be filing their income tax returns and other tax declarations and returns for the Year 2016 and Year 2017. 

I have read in the Job Aid for the use of Offline eBIR Forms Package about the page setup to print the forms and the page setup to print the forms Annual Income Tax Return Forms 1700, 1701, 1702-RT, 1702-EX and 1702-MX  version 2013 ENCS. 

To download, click the following:

Alternative sites to obtain/download the Offline eBIRForms Package:


To download eBIRForms Package v6.4 (New)

Friday, March 31, 2017

Guidelines in the Filing and Processing of 2016 Income Tax Returns Including Its Attachments

The bureau has issued Revenue Memorandum Circular (RMC) No. 28-2017 recently in line with the guidelines in the filing, receiving and processing of 2016 Income Tax Returns including its attachments, due on or before April 17, 2017 (since April 15, 2017 falls on a Saturday which is a holiday/non-working day) or on before the 15th day of the fourth month following the close of the taxpayer's taxable year (taxpayers covered by fiscal year).

Manner of Filing of Returns. Taxpayers who are mandated to use eBIRForms/eFPS (Annex "A") under existing issuances, and those who opted to file manually, shall file and pay with the following guidelines:

Optional Manual filing of "No Payment Returns". The following individuals may file manually "No Payment Returns" with the RDO where they are registered using officially printed forms/photocopied or electronic/computer-generated returns:

(1) Senior Citizen (SC) or Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) filing for their own return;
(2) Employees deriving purely compensation income from two or more employers, concurrently or successively at any time during the taxable year, or from a single employer, although the income of which has been correctly subjected to withholding tax, but whose spouse is not entitled to substituted filing;
(3) Employees qualified for substituted filing under RR 2-98 Sec. 2.83.4, as amended, but opted to file for an ITR and are filing for purpose of promotion, loans, scholarship, foreign travel requirements, etc.

Printed Copy of e-Filed Tax Returns. Electronically filed and/or paid ITRs using eBIRForms or eFPS without any attachments required, need not to submit printed copy of e-Filed tax returns to the LTD/RDO.

Required Attachments. The required attachments (Annexes "B1 to B5") and accompanying schedules shall be submitted to the LTD/RDO or AABs located within the territorial jurisdiction of the LTD/RDO where the taxpayer is registered.

Taxpayers who are electronically filed shall also submit a signed copy of electronically filed ITR with Filing Reference Number (FRN) thru eFPS facility or an email Tax Return Receipt Confirmation and a signed copy of electronically filed ITR thru eBIRForms facility, together with the required attachments within fifteen (15) days after the electronic filing of the return.

The Summary Alphalist of Withholding Tax (SAWT) using the Data Entry Module of the BIR shall be emailed to, if applicable.

Receiving and Stamping. RDOs, LTDs and all AABs shall receive the income tax returns by stamping the official receiving seal on the space provided for in the three (3) copies of the returns, whether or not the taxpayer is under the jurisdiction of a regional office with Document Processing Division (DPD). Any copies of the return in excess of 3 copies shall not be stamped "RECEIVED" by the RDO, LTD and AAB. However, in the case of corporations and other juridical persons, there shall be stamped "RECEIVED" in at least two (2) extra copies of the Audited Financial Statements (AFS) for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

The attached AFS to the ITR shall be stamped received only on the page of the Audit Certificate, the Statement of Financial Position, the Statement of Comprehensive Income and/or its equivalent and Statement of Management's Responsibility. The other pages of the financial statements and its attachments need not anymore be stamped received.

Supplemental Information. the disclosure of Supplemental Information under BIR Form Nos. 1700 and 1701 is OPTIONAL on the part of the individual taxpayer filing ITR covering and starting with calendar year 2016 due for filing on or before April 17, 2017.

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Who Are Not Required and Exempt To File An Income Tax Return?

Did you know that there are individuals who are not required and exempt to file an Income Tax Return

You may consider the standard that you are not required to file an income tax return as follows: 

1. Compensations income of Minimum Wage Earners (MWEs) who work in the private sector and being paid the Statutory Minimum Wage (SMW), as fixed by Regional Tripartite Wage and Productivity Board (RTWPB)/National Wages and Productivity Commission (NWPC), applicable to the place where he/she is assigned. (Revenue Regulations (RR) No. 10-2008 (B) (13) / Revenue Memorandum Circular (RMC) No. 91-2010)

2. Your gross income (total earned for the past year) does not exceed your total personal and additional exemptions. (In General)

3. Your income derived from a single employer does not exceed P60,000 and the income tax on which has been correctly withheld.

4. Your income has been subjected to final withholding taxFinal Withholding Tax is a kind of withholding tax which is prescribed on certain income payments and is not creditable against the income tax due of the payee on other income subject to regular rates of tax for the taxable year. Income Tax withheld constitutes the full and final payment of the Income Tax due from the payee on the particular income subjected to final withholding tax.

5. You are qualified for substituted filing. 


5.1 You are employed by a single employer during the taxable year.

5.2 You earn purely compensation income from that single employer.

5.3 Your tax due at the year’s end equals the tax withheld by the employer.

5.4 If you are married, your spouse also complies with the above conditions.

5.5 Your employer files the annual information return (BIR Form No.1604-CF).

5.6 Your employer issues BIR Form No.2316 to every employee.

You are exempt from filing income tax returns if:

You are a non-resident citizen who is:

1. A Filipino citizen not residing in the Philippines, but who has established with the BIR that you wish to remain living outside the country.

2. A Filipino citizen who leaves the Philippines during the taxable year to reside abroad, either as an immigrant of for permanent employment.

3. A Filipino citizen who works and earns income abroad.

4. A Filipino citizen previously considered a non-resident citizen.

5. You are an overseas Filipino worker whose income is derived solely from sources outside the Philippines.

6. If you are Filipino citizen working as an overseas seaman, your vessel must be engaged exclusively in international trade.

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Basis for the Imposition of Tax on the Sale, Exchange or Other Disposition of Real Property

Recently, the bureau has issued Revenue Memorandum Circular (RMC) No. 27-2017 to clarify the basis for the imposition of tax on the sale, exchange or other disposition of real property whether classified as capital asset or ordinary asset.

It is stated in Section 6(E) of Republic Act (RA) 8424, Tax Reform Act of 1997, also known as the National Internal Revenue Code of 1997, has provided the following:

"SEC. 6. Power of the Commissioner to Make Assessment and Prescribe Additional Requirements for Tax Administration and Enforcement. - 

XXX         XXX         XXX

(E) Authority of the Commissioner to Prescribe Real Property Values. - The Commissioner is hereby authorized to divide the Philippines into different zones or areas and shall, upon consultation with competent appraisers both from the private and public sectors, determine the fair market value of real properties located in each zone area. For purposes of computing any internal revenue tax, the value of the property shall be, whichever is the higher of:

(1) The fair market value as determined by the Commissioner; or
(2) The fair market value as shown in the schedule of values of the Provincial and City Assessors."

For purposes of imposing the tax Sec. 24(D)(1) and 27(D)(5) of the same Act, as implemented by Revenue Regulations Nos. 2-98 and 7-2003, provide that it shall be based on the gross selling price or current fair market value as determined in accordance with Sec. 6(E) of the Code, whichever is higher.